The Order of Saint Benedict

Benedictine Saints L - R



Page numbers refer to A Benedictine Martyrology: being a revision of Rev. Peter Lechner's Ausführliches Martyrologium des Benedictiner-Ordens und seiner Verzweigungen by Alexius Hoffmann, O.S.B. (Collegeville, MN: St. John's Abbey, 1922).


The hypertext links used to refer to the proper entries in Calendar of Christian Historical Biographies, a reference page to biographies written over several years' time by James Kiefer for the old Christia Discussion List. Mr. Kiefer has changed locations for most of the files, and this OSB section is scehduled for a comprehensive review and re-ordering as well.

Traditionally, information about the saints has been ordered by the date of the Saint's or Blessed's feast day, usually, but not always, the date of the venerated person's death. This is the order of entries used by Lechner and Hoffmann as well before the thorough revision of the Roman Calendar in 1969.


Lambert, St. of Lyons, 100.
Lambert, St., of Maastricht, 236.
Lambert, St., of St. Gislen, 127.
Lambert, St., of Venice, 141.
Landelin, St., 157.
Landrada, St., 177.
Landric, St., 102.
Landulph, Bl., 150.
Lanfranc, Bl., 142.
Lanzo, Ven., 91.
Lautenus, St., 2 2.
Lawrence, St., of Canterbury, 31.
Lawrence of Fanello, Bl., 208.
Leander, St., 56.
Leo IV.St., Pope, 185.
Leo, St., of Cava, 181.
Leo, St., of Nonantula, 288.
Leodegar, St., 250. St. Leodegar, bishop of Autun and martyr, was born in 616 and received his training in the school of his uncle, the bishop of Poitiers. The latter also appointed him archdeacon of the church of Poitiers, in which dignity he distinguished himself by his prudence and persuasive eloquence. For six years he was abbot of the monastery of St. Maxentius, and in 659 was made bishop of Autun, which had been vacant and neglected for two years. After the death of King Clothair III, bishop Leodegar declared his adherence to that King's lawful successor Childeric, and became one of the latter's councillors. Notwithstanding the fact that the king lavished favors and honors upon him, Leodegar boldly reprimanded him for certain scandalous actions. The result was that Leodegar was banished to Luxeuil, where he remained four years until the unfortunate death of the king, when he was permitted to return to his see. He was not to enjoy peace very long, for Ebroin set up an alleged son of Clothair III to contest the rightful claims of King Theodoric and sent an army into Burgundy to enforce allegiance to the usurper. Bishop Leodegar spent a season in fasting and prayer with his people and was resolved to lay down his life, if it were demanded, for the true king. The besieging army demanded that the bishop be delivered to them; he left the city privately and presented himself before his enemies, who put out his eyes and cut off his lips and part of his tongue. Through the efforts of a kindhearted nobleman, he was permitted to pass three years in the monastery of Fecamp in Normandy, whence he wrote to his mother Sigrada, then a nun at Soissons, to forgive their enemies and to pray for them without ceasing. Finally he was summoned before a council of bribed prelates and asked to plead guilty of being an accomplice in the death of King Childeric. He asserted his innocence of the crime, whereupon they degraded him and delivered him into the hands of Chrodobert to be privately executed. This bloody deed was done in 678, and the remains of the Saint were carried to the abbey of St. Maxentius in Poitiers. -- Monk of St. Symphorian. Butler. French form: St. Leger.
Leonius, 37.
Leopardus, Bl, 56.
Leoterie, 234.
Leothadius, St., 266.
Leovigild, St., 211.
Lethwin, Ven., 244.
Leutberta, 233.
Leutfrid, St., 162.
Libentius, St., 4.
Lidanus, St., 172.
Limbania, St., 227.
Lioba, St., 246.
Lohemellus, St., 10.
Lomer, St., 18.
Lothair, emperor, 324.
Louis B. de la Touche, 325.
Louis Barbo, 239.
Louis de Blois, Ven., 7.
Louis de Estrada, Ven., 146.
Ludger, St., 83.
Ludolph, St., 206.
Ludwin, St., 247.
Luke Manzoli, 299.
Luitfrid, of Muri, 324.
Lullus, St., 262.
Lutgardis, St., 158.
Luxeuil, Martyrs of, 320.


Macarius, Bl., 22.
Maccallan, St., 19.
Mactefledis, St., 72.
Madelberta, St., 227.
Madelgisil, St., 144.
Magdalen of the Bl. Sacrament, 180.
Magnus, St., 226.
Majolus, St., 127.
Malachy, St., 275.
Malchus, St., 204.
Malfalda, Bl., 119.
Manegold, Ven., 47.
Mansuetus, 267.
Marchelm, St., 183.
Marcian,St., 216.
Margaret, Bl., of Amelia, 118.
Margaret, Bl., of Rupertsberg, 270.
Margaret, Bl., of Valdeduc, 148.
Margaret, Ven., of Val de Grace, 208.
Margaret of England, St, Cist., died 1192; born in Hungary, probably of an English mother, related to St. Thomas of Canterbury; made a pilgrimage to Our Lady of Montserrat in Spanish Catalonia, joined the Cistercian nuns at Sauve-Benite, Puy-en-Velay, greatly venerated there.
Margaret of Faenza, 217.
Marianus, St., 39.
Marinus, St., of Griesstetten, 155.
Marinus, St., of St. Savin, 291.
Marinus, of Cava, 311.
Marmoutiers, Martyrs of 278.
Marnoch, St., 323.
Marquard St., of Hildesheim, 31.
Marquard: Ven., of St. Blasien, d. ca. 1080, 170.
Marquart, St., of Pruem, 56.
Martha, of Cambre, 175.
Martha Wansing, 12.
Martin, St., of Braga, 77.
Martin, St., of Corbie, 293.
Martin, St., of Tours, 280.
Martin, St., of Valparaiso, 254. St. Martin, Cistercian abbot of Valparaiso in Castile and a disciple of St. Bernard, even as a child renounced all earthly advantages and pleasures, and strove to please God by observing the evangelical counsels. One day King Alphonse saw him take the discipline in a cavern, and was so deeply moved that he decided to built a monastery, of which he appointed Martin abbot. He was the father of many spiritual children and maintained such edifying discipline in his monastery that the place truly deserved to be called Valparaiso, or Vale of Paradise. He died in 1152.  October 7. -- Le Mire; Seguin.
Martin, St., of Vertou, 267.
Martin, Ven., card., 240.
Martin, of Camaldoli, 233.
Mary, St., of Cordova, 292.
Mary Adeodata, 55. Maria Adeodata Pisani OSB was declared Blessed by the Servant of God Pope John Paul II, on 9 May 2001 during the Beatification Mass on the Granaries Square at Floriana, Malta. [RO, 23.X.09.]
Mary a Matre Dei, 29.
Mary de Azevedo, Ven., 44.
Mary (Mlada), 86.
Mary, of Carrizo, 252. Mary, first abbess of the Cistercian monastery of S. Maria at Carrizo in Spain, was of royal descent and induced many members of the nobility to follow her example in choosing a life of poverty and obscurity. At her own expense she built the abbey, of which she was made abbess, and ruled it to the day of her death in 1177. October 4. -- Seguin. Stadler calls the monastery Curico.
Mary of St. Henry, 182.
Mary Rose, 176.
Mathildis, Bl., 72.
Mathew, St., of Braunau, 281.
Matthew, Bl., card., 319.
Maurilius, St., 202.
Mauritius, Bl., 241.
Maurontius, St., of Breuil, 121.
Maurontius, St., of Glonne, 8.
Maurus, St., of Cesena, 18.
Maurus, St., of Glanfeuil, 13.
Maurus, St., of Pecs, 301.
Maurus X. Herbst, Ven., 92.
Maximian, St., 152.
Mazelin, Ven., 170.
Mechtildis, St. of Helfta., 287.
Mechtildis, St., of Spanheim, 55.
Mederic, St., 219.
Mefred, 269.
Megingoz., Bl, 74.
Meginhard, Bl, 245.
Meingoz, 109.
Meinrad, St., of Einsiedeln, 19.
Meinrad, Bl, of Sassovivo, 306.
Melida, Congregation of, (extinct; founded 28 Dec. 1548, it consisted of the monasteries of the Dalmatian archipelago in the Adriatic Sea), 322.
Melior, Bl., 83.
Mellinus, of Luxeuil, 320.
Mellitus, St., 110.
Meneleus, St., 189.
Merbodo, Bl., 80.
Merulus, St., 16.
Merwina, St., 129.
Michael, of Florence, 20.
Milburga, St., died 715; older sister of St. Mildred of Thanet; abbess of Wenlock in Salop, which "greatly flourished under her rule. She had the gift of miracles and a mysterious power over birds. She is an attractive character", feast: 23 Feb., 167.
Mildgytha, St., 16.
Mildred, St., 182.

Miracles of Saint Benedict. Commemoration on 31 May of the Miracles by which God deigned to honor Our Holy Father Benedict, whose life and teachings have shone like a bright light throughout the ages. 145.

Moderannus, St., 265.
Modesta, St., 274.
Modestus, St., 34.
Monks of St. Vincent, martyrs, 257.

Monte Cassino, October 1. Anniversay of the consecration of the church of Monte Cassino by Pope Alexander II in 1071, in the presence of a great number of bishops and an immense throng of the faithful. -- Mab.; Boll.
On the same day Monte Cassino celebrates the discovery and solemn elevation of the bodies of a number of Saints, including those of Guinizo, Januarius, Carlmann, Constantine and Simplicius, in the year 1628 under abbot Simplicius II.

Monte Corona, Congregation of, later Camaldolese, (est. 20 Feb. 1522 by Paul Giustiniani), 50.

Monte Oliveto, Order of. Founded in Italy under the invocation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, by Saint Bernard Tolomei in 1319, and was approved by Pope John XXII. It was named for the locality in which its first house was situated near Siena. The purpose of the founder was to inaugurate a return to the austerity of the early monks. From the church to which one of the communities was attached the monks were also known as Fratres Sanctae Mariae novae. Saint Frances of Rome placed her Oblates under the spiritual direction of priests of this Order. 132.

Monte Vergine, Order of, approved on 4 November 1197 by Pope Celestine III; the feast of the Founder, Saint William is celebrated 25 June. 275.

Montesia, Knights of, established in Spain by King James of Aragon on 18 January 1317. The first members were survivors of the suppressed Order of Knights Templars. The Order of Montesia was approved by Pope John XXII. 17.

Morandus, St., 147.
Mount Tabor, Martyrs on, 121,
Mumbolus, St., 287.
Mummolen, St., 261.
Mummolus, St., 201.
Murcherad, Bl, 39.


Neot, St., 195.
Nidgar, St., 101.
Nicholas, Bl., of Vaucelles, 302.
Nicholas de Arcu, 91.
Nicholas, of Prussia, 53.
Nicholas, of Villers, 279.
Nonnosus, St., 223.
Notburgis, St., 271.
Notingus, St., 317.
Notker Balbulus, Bl., 94.
Notker Labeo, Ven., 168.


Octave of Nativity, B.M.V., 235.
Oddo, of S. Savin, 299.
Oderisius, Bl., 299.
Oderisius Pierius, Ven., 314.
Odilia, St., 309.
Odilo, St., 1.
Odo, St., of Tulle, 3.
Odo the Good, St., 173.
Odo, St., of Cluny, 286.
Odo, Bl., of Cambrai, 161.
Offa, St., 190.
Olbert, Bl., 182.
Onnenus, St., 316.
Opportuna, St., 108.

Order of Camaldoli, 270.

Order of Celestines, establishment by Pope Celestine V commemorated 18 October; rule approved by Pope Gregory XI in 1374, 263.

Order of Fontevrault. In France, the anniversary, 25 November, of the approval of the Reform of the Order by Pope Siztus IV in 1474 or 1475, at the instance of the Abbess Marie, sister of Francis II, duke of Bretagne. 293.

Order of Monte Oliveto, see Monte Oliveto, 132.

Order of Monte Vergine, see Monte Vergine, 275.

Order of Pulsano, see Pulsano, 238.

Order of the Humiliati. The Order was approved by Pope Innocent III 30 May 1199. The Humiliati were founded in the early years of the twelfth century by Lombard nobles whom Henry V had led as captives into Germany. Making a virtue of necessity, they adopted a penitential garb and devoted themselves to works of charity and mortification. Having been permitted to return to Italy, they were induced by Saint John of Meda to embrace the Rule of Saint Benedict. The Order also had a female branch. The male branch was suppressed in 1571. 144.

Orlandus Bl., 135.
Ositha, St., 254. St. Ositha, the daughter of the Mercian prince Frithwald and of his wife Wilburga, was brought up in the monastery of Aylesbury, and was promised in marriage by her parents to King Sighere of Essex. The marriage rite was performed, but when Sighere learned that she had previously resolved to embrace the religious life, he allowed her to carry out her purpose and gave her a place called Chich for the establishment of a monastery. Here Ositha established herself and formed a community, which she governed till about the year 653, when Danish pirates plundered the convent and, on the firm refusal of Abbess Ositha to abjure her faith, struck off her head and thus added the crown of martyrdom to that of virginity. October 7. -- Boll.; Stanton; Butler.
Oswald, St., 58.
Othmar, St., 284.
Ottilien, Congregation of St., (founded in 1884, affiliated to the OSB Confederation 22 Nov. 1904), 290.
Otto, of Freising, 241.
Otto, of Niederaltaich, 321.


Paduinus, St., 283.
Paldo, St., 257.
Palladius, St., 97.
Pardulph, St., 253. St. Pardulph, abbot of Gueret in France, was the son of peasants and
was born at Sardene. As a child he was temporarily blind. Urged by a strong desire to attain perfection, he left his home and for some years lived in a solitude. When Count Lanthar of Limoges had founded the monastery of Gueret, Pardulph was selected to govern the community, in which he maintained perfect discipline, edifying the brethren by his mortification and charity to the poor. When the Moors began to make bloody raids into the district in which his monastery lay, he ordered his religious to seek a place of safety, while he remained to face the invaders. The latter laid waste the country round about but spared the monastery. At the age of eighty he was prostrated by an illness, of which he died about the year 740. October 6. -- Mab.; Boll.
Parisius, St., 154.
Paschal I, St., Pope, 129.
Paschasius Radbert, St., 113.
Paternus, St., of Abdinghofen, 97.
Paternus, St., of Bray-sur-Seine, 282.
Paul, St., of Cordova, 102.
Paul, St., of Verdun, 37.
Paul, of Moll, (1824-1896), A Flemish Benedictine priest and wonder-worker; his body was found incorrupt. He predicted that the incorrupt body of St. Joseph would eventually be found.
Paul, of Monte Cassino, 132.
Paul, of Monte Cassino, 240.
Paula, Bl, 5.
Paulina, 72.
Paulinus, St., of York, 256.
Paulinus, of Perugia, 121.
Peregrinus, Bl., 147.
Perpetual Adoration, 71.
Peter, St., of Anagni, 197.
Peter, St., of Canterbury, 5.
Peter, St., of Cava, 61.
Peter, St., of Cordova, 150.
Peter, St., of Osma, 197.
Peter, St., of Tarentaise, 125.
Peter Celestine, St., Pope, 133.
Peter Damiani, St., 52.
Peter Urseolus, St., 13.
Peter, Bl., of Caprario, 179.
Peter, Bl, of Montepiano, 99.
Peter, Bl., of Portugal, 126.
Peter, Bl., of St. Juley, 164.
Peter, Bl., of Subjaco, 324.
Peter Aldobrandini, Bl., 7.
Peter, of Chateauneuf, Bl. 62.
Peter Mauritius, Bl., 319.
Peter Dagnini, 273.
Peter de Bono, 148.
Peter Deforis, 325.
Peter Michl, 12.
Peter Monoculus, 132.
Peter of Catalonia, 270.
Peter of Coblentz, 10.
Peter of Toulouse, 51.
Peter of Villers, 29.
Petronax, St., 122.
Philibert, St., 21 1.
Philip Powell, 170.
Pirmin, St., 273.

Placidus and Companions, SS, 252. These disciples of Our Holy Father Benedict were slain by corsairs at Messina, Sicily, on 5 October 542 or 546. Placidus was a descendant of the noble Roman family of the Anicii and was in his early boyhood confided to the care of Saint Benedict by his father Tertullus. Pope Gregory the Great relates that one day when the boy Placidus was on the point of drowning, Saint Benedict sent to his rescue the monk Maurus, who walked upon the waters, drew out the child and brought him safe to the shore. Like Maurus, he was one of the most beloved disciples of our Holy Father, who, although Placidus was but twenty-six years of age, sent him to Sicily to organize a monastery on estates granted by Tertulllus. While engaged in this peaceful enterprise he was attacked by pirates, who slew all the monks and destroyed the monastery by fire. Among his companions were his sister Flavia, and the monks Eutychius, Victorinus, Donatus, Firmatus and Faustus. October 5. -- Greg. Magnus; Mab.; Butler.

Placidus, Congregation of St., (extinct; founded in The Netherlands by Ven. Jaspard de Winck, who died at Afflighem in 1630, feast 16 Feb.), 46.
Placidus St., of Pretula, 155.
Pomposa, St., 238.
Pontius, St., of Avignon, 83.
Pontius, Bl., of Puy-en-Velais, 322.,
Poppo, St., 23.
Porearius, St., 205.
Portuguese Congregation, (extinct; anniv. of the foundation, 4 April 1566), 93.
Praejectus, St., 22.
Presentation, Feast of the, 289.
Primitive Observance, Cong. of, (Subiaco, recognized 1851, erected as a separate Congregation on 9 March 1872), 67.
Probus, Bl., 141.
Procopius, St., 90.
Pulsano, Order of, 18 September, founded by John of Matera at Pulsano, a monastery on Monte Gargano in Aulia in the year 1120, but disappeared in the course of centuries, being incorporated in other reforms of the Benedictine Order, 238.


Rabanus Maurus, St., 33.
Rachildis, Bl., 119.
Radbod, St., 296.
Radulph, Bl., 323.
Rainer, of Villers, 37.
Rainer, of Villers, 270.
Ramirus, St., 71.
Ramuold, St., 159.
Randoald, St., 50.
Rasso, Bl., 132.
Raymond, St., of Fitero, 73.
Raynald, Bl., of Foigny, 114.
Raynald, Bl., of Nocera, 310.
Raynard, St., 138.
Raynerius, St., 199.
Regimbert, Ven., 322.
Reginbald, 259.
Reinhard, 67.

Relics, Feast of, on 30 October was celebrated the feast of all the Saints who relics are deposited in the churches of our holy Order to remind us that if we would share their happiness we must walk in their footsteps. The feast was first observed, it is said, by abbot Reginbert of Echternach in Luxemburg, 271.

Relindis, St., died c. 750; expert in embroidery and painting in the Benedictine convent of Valenciennes. Abbess of the convent of Maaseyk, appointed by St. Boniface, feast 6 Feb., 36.
Remaclus, St., 224.
Rembert, St., 33.
Remigius, Ven., 123.
Renatus J. Massey, 325.
Renovatus, St., 88.

Richard, Bl., of Altwoerth, a Cistercian monk in the monastery of Our Lady at Altwörth in Frisia, shone by his exemplary life and virtues in the twelfth centruy, 323,

Richard, Bl., of St. Vannes, surnamed Gratia Dei, abbot of St. Vannes at Verdun, born ca. 980, educated at Rheims. He renovated the monastery and wrought such a pronounced change in the spirit of his brethren that he was invited to reform a score of other monasteries. During the famine prevailing from 1028-1030 he fairly exhausted the resources of his house and even sold the altar plate, in order to relieve the distress of the poor. He died in 1046; a great concourse of bishops and nobles attended the burial. 157.

Richard Whiting, Bl, last abbot of Glastonbury in England. Tried and sentenced for treason, he was dragged on a hurdle to the top of the Tow, a hill near the monastery and there hanged and quartered on 15 November 1539. 298.

Richard, Ven., abbot of Fountains in Yorkshire. He left St. Mary's, York, with twelve brethren and entered the Cistercian Order. Richard and his companions built the monastery at Ripon. Richard died in Rome whither he had gone on business of the Order, in 1140. 131.

Richard, an Englishman elected Cistercian abbot of Vaucelles near Cambray in 1152, His biographers say that he was a prudent, intelligent man, whose countenance revealed the peace and joy prevailing in his heart. In his intercourse with all men he was kind and unassuming. As abbot he prudently combined severity with mildness, and always maintained admirable discipline. Under his rule, the monastery prospered both materially and spiritually. 25.

Richardis, St., empress, 238.
Richarius, St., 112.
Richerius, Ven., of Monte Cassino, 308.
Richildis, Bl., 214.
Richmirus, St., 16.
Rietrudis, St., 128.
Rigobert, St., 3.
Rithbert, St., 235.
Robert, St., of Citeaux, 79.
Robert, St., of Aurillac, 103.
Robert, St., of Molesme, 115.
Robert, St., of Newminster, 151.
Robert, St., of Sicily, 112.
Robert, Bl., of Clairvaux, 296.
Robert, Bl., of Mataplatia, 299.
Robert, of Soleto, Bl., 186.
Roderic, Bl., 258.
Roding, St., 237.
Rodio, St., 136.
Rodulfus, St., 167.
Rodulph, Bl, 259.
Roger, Bl., of Elan, 4.
Roger James, 290.
Romanus, St., 136.
Romaric, St., 304.
Romuald, St., 36.
Romuald of Fabriano, Ven., 266.
Rose Mary, 176.
Rudesind, St., 59.
Rudolph, St., of Taloire, 295.
Rudolph, Bl., of Camaldoli, 282.
Rufinus, Bl., 297.
Rupert, St., of Salzburg, 84,
Rupert, Bl., of Ottobeuren, 207.
Rupert, Bl., of Tegernsee, 146.
Rupert, of Deutz, 62.
Rusticus, Bl., 71.

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